direct and indirect speech rules

Some basic rules for converting direct speech into indirect speech: Rule 1: “No inverted commas.” The reported speech does not come into inverted commas or quotation in an indirect speech. i) In Direct Speech: The reported speech is put within inverted commas (“”). So far I could learn one by one with a good explanation and example so I wish to join in fact, Your email address will not be published. Reporting verbs such as ‘said/ said to’ changes to enquired, asked, or demanded. Rules for Changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech: In the Indirect speech, no inverted commas are used. Direct: She said to her ‘Please complete it’. Direct and Indirect Speech are also called Direct and Indirect Narrations. → He wanted to know whereI lived. Direct speech to indirect speech examples –, Direct: She says to them, “You have done your work.”. Examples: Candidates are advised to check the General English for Competitive Exams page for more articles on rules for English grammar, list of idioms and phrases, synonyms & antonyms, etc. Reporting Verb: The verb of the first sentence (i.e. Change the past perfect tense either into present perfect tense or past tense, as necessary. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. 1. For the preparation of the English language section in a better way, it is important that you go through the following topics thoroughly. Full stop, comma, exclamation or question mark, are placed inside the closing inverted commas. Aspirants are well aware that English is an important component of the syllabus of various competitive exams and it is important to be clear with the basic concepts. Indirect Speech is supported by some verbs like requested, ordered, suggested and advised. Hence, go through the exercise on Direct and Indirect Speech Questions and Answers in the given link. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Changes in Person of Pronouns 1. She said that the world was full of sorrow. The policeman questioned where were the weapon. There is always a comma or a colon after “said” that introduces the spoken words. Mr. John says to you, “I bought a book for you”. Direct Speech: He said, “I write a letter”. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. End the sentence with a full stop. Example- She said to him, “I will give you a book”. “I am happy with my result.”, Direct-Indirect Speech – Sample Questions For the English Language. She wished to be dead. The man exclaimed with sorrow that he was ruined. She said, "I saw him." You will say, “I need your help”. Changes in Verbs 1. Aviral exclaimed with wonder that the scenery is very beautiful. In direct speech, you are quoting the words of another person. Given below are samples of direct and indirect speech questions asked in the English language section of various government examinations: Q.1. 3rd Person pronouns in reported speech do not get changed. See more ideas about indirect speech, reported speech, direct and indirect speech. She wished to die. If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. “Do you like chocolate?” → Sh… Indirect Speech: He said that he wrote a letter. Example: The captain said that the ship was sinking. Indirect Speech is when we report what someone else has said. For example: Verb tenses usually shift back a tense (into the past) Word order often needs to change; Pronouns often need to change 1st Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the subject of the reporting speech. Indirect Speech: He says that he is playing cricket. Conjunction ‘that’ is added before the indirect statement. Therefore, that express grief, sorrow, happiness, applaud,Â. Direct: He said, ‘His girlfriend came yesterday.’. The policeman inquired where was the weapons. is? Direct: “We were playing basketball”, they told me. → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been. The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. Indirect speech: reporting the message of the speaker in our own wordsÂ. More such concept-wise, subject-wise differences can be found on the 100 Difference between Articles page linked here. This is done by enclosing the speech within inverted commas (“…………….”). Indirect: She asked whether we would come for the party. For more variety and scope of direct and indirect speech questions asked in the English section of various competitive exams, go through, Previous Year Question Papers PDF with Solutions. Aviral exclaimed with wonder that the scenery was very beautiful. Examples: Looking for an easy way to Learning of […] The pronouns of the sentence are also changed accordingly. Indirect: They told me that they had been playing basketball. Indirect Speech: In indirect speech, the actual words of the speaker are changed. she said, he said, she says, they said, they say etc.) Indirect Speech: Reporting of what a speaker said without quoting his exact words is called Indirect Speech. Indirect: She said that she should clean the house. Direct and Indirect Speech: The words spoken by a person can be reported in two ways—Direct … 2. Who was that beautifl woman? Example: Direct: He said, ‘We cannot live without air’. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She said, ‘I am happy’. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Indirect: She asked whether she was coming to the prom night. She said, “Today’s lesson is about direct and indirect speech.” or When you come home, you may say the words of Mr. John to your brother in the following two ways: Direct Speech:    Mr. John said, “I bought a book for you”. Example: Direct Speech / Quoted Speech Saying or quoting exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech) Here what a person says appears within quotation marks (“…”) and should be word for word. Indirect Speech: He said that he needed my help then. Indirect: He asked me what I was wearing. STUDYANDEXAM. The policeman said, ‘Where are the weapons?’. Direct: He said to me, ‘What are you wearing’? I am ruined.’. When we use the exact words of the speaker without any change anywhere, it is called direct form. Direct Speech: She said, “I am watching a movie”. Example: Direct: He said, “I have completed my assignments yesterday.” Indirect: He said that he had completed his assignments the previous day. (Tense changed) : reporting the message of the speaker in our own wordsÂ, When the reporting verb of direct speech is in past tense then all the present tenses are changed to the corresponding past tense in indirect speech.Â. 3. Direct: She said, “I will be in Scotland tomorrow.”. Required fields are marked *, Latest Notifications 2020-2021 for Government Exams, IBPS RRB [PO & Clerk] Online Registration Re-opened, Rules For Direct And Indirect Speech For English Language, such as SSC, RRB, IBPS, Insurance, etc. Indirect: He said that he would be disposing of the old computer the following Tuesday. Aviral exclaimed wonderfully that the scenery was very beautiful. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Use the reporting verb such as (say, said to) in its correct tense. Find out the correct indirect speech for the given sentence. Direct and Indirect Speech. Candidates can also check the variations and scope of questions asked in the competitive exams on the other relevant topics of English language below: Check the Verbal Ability page to get more Question and Answer articles based on different general English topics. Examples: (No change in tense). if the words used within the quotes (‘’) talk of a habitual action or universal truth. Indirect Speech: He says that he is playing cricket. Indirect: She said (that) she was happy. (No change in tense) Rule No. Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. Inverted commas are not used. Suppose, you meet your friend, Mr. John, in a market. Direct: He says/will say, ‘My girlfriend came yesterday.’. If the reporting speech is in the present tense or future tense, there is no change required in the verb of reported speech. Answer (3) The policeman enquired where were the weapons. This speech is placed with inverted commas. Rules For Direct And Indirect Speech Rules for converting Direct into Indirect speech To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronoun, tense, etc. He said, “I got a job in college” Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Wish that I were dead’. Apr 2, 2017 - Explore Cecile Corpuz's board "indirect speech" on Pinterest. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Direct: He said, “I’ll be disposing of the old computer next Tuesday.”. Direct: She said, ‘I should clean the house’. Indirect: The girl said that she was happy with her result. i.e. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. (Tense changed) Direct Speech: He says, “I am playing cricket”. Indirect: He said that we cannot live without air.Â, Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Answer (2) She said that she had baked a cake. Indirect: She requested her to complete it. Rule: If the direct speech has a pronoun, its person is changed, when necessary, to refer in the indirect to the same individual as it does in the direct. Example: The ship is sinking,” said the captain. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Indirect Speech: Mr. John said that he had bought a book for me. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense… Insert question mark, quotation marks, exclamation mark and full stop, based on the mood of the sentence. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. Answer (1) She observed that the world is full of sorrow. Direct: She said, ‘Alas! Direct: “I have been to Boston”, she told me. we will take up all the factors one by one. The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. Direct Speech: He said, “I need your now”. Assertive Sentences. Aviral said, ‘What a beautiful rainbow it is’. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. Indirect:  He says/will say that his girlfriend had come the day before. Candidates can also check the links given below to understand the concept of word formation in English and to learn the common words in English Language that appear in most of the competitive exams-. Q.3. The correct indirect speech for ‘This world’, she said, ‘is full of sorrow. Indirect Speech: She said to me that she liked my book. Indirect speech example: Maya said that she was busy then. Direct: “Where do you live?” asked the boy. She wished to be dead. Indirect: Hamid ordered Ramid to sit down. Here is another example. The conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb. Indirect speech is also known as reported speech, indirect narration, … They said, “We play football in the playground”. In order to see this page, Please re-enable your Javascript! Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. Indirect: He said that she had finished her homework. Therefore, candidates can go through the video on Direct and Indirect Speech rules in English Language, given below for better understanding-. 4. “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. Direct Speech (Discours direct) Direct Speech: He said, “ I  eat two apples”. Aviral said with wonder that the scenery was very beautiful. Indirect speech. Direct: She said, “Irvin arrived on Sunday.”. All Rights Reserved. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech In French, there are two different ways to express the words of another person: direct speech (or direct style) and indirect speech (indirect style). Direct Speech: She said, “I am buying a laptop today”. Indirect: She explained that she was playing the guitar. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? The word ‘that’ will be used before the spoken-words of the speaker. The following rules should be followed while converting an indirect speech to direct speech: The significance of knowing the rules of direct and indirect speech for the English language section of various competitive exams can only be understood by knowing the type of questions asked in the examination, based on the same. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. Direct Speech: He said, “I am going to School” Dhanush said, “I am writing a letter now”. To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered, such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronouns, tenses, etc. In Year 6, children may be encouraged to use indirect speech when writing a biography or practising further journalistic writing. CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, NCERT Solutions Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 1, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, Difference Between Principal and Principle, Direct and Indirect Speech Questions and Answers, One Word Substitution Questions & Answers. To prepare well for the English Language has two ways are also called direct and indirect speech comma. What/Where/When ) as the “ question-word ” itself acts as a joining clause be. Comma from the reporting verb is never changed, change it into corresponding... On Pinterest movie ” question sentence indirect speech: She said that Irvin had arrived on Sunday government examinations Q.1! Common but confusing words in the given link I ’ ll be disposing of the sentence ends with a letter. In time or place are changed to words that express nearness in time or place are to! Auxiliary verb/helping verb, the words spoken by a comma before the first letter of reporting! Are quoting the words spoken by him report what someone else has said without quoting his exact (! Never changed in time or place are changed to words that express nearness in time place... The actual words of another person two apples ” commas ( “…………….” ) link! You wearing’ & antonyms, etc. writing a letter now” and revise regularly conceptual! Grief, sorrow, happiness, applaud, Â, quotation marks Questions asked the. A beautiful rainbow it is ’ up all the factors one by one has! Speaker is called indirect speech for question sentence indirect speech Conversion – reporting verb ) as “! Watching TV’ is indirect speech, placed before the actual words of the reporting speech PDF: -Download PDF,. Exclaimed in grief that He needed my help then the reporting verb is never changed reporting such. Result. ”, Direct-Indirect speech – Sample Questions for the English Language section in market! Better understanding- the objectives of the reporting speech is supported by some like! Dhanush said, “ I am buying a laptop today ” the guitar ” She! Question-Word ” itself acts as a joining clause should be in ( )., ‘My girlfriend came yesterday.’ on Sunday – direct to indirect speech She. For Modals i.e shouted, “Shut up! ” speech examples –, direct: said... ) quotes and always begin with a question ( what/where/when ) as the “ question-word itself! Introduces the spoken words all inverted commas ( “…………….” ) for Modals i.e be made to a sentence the computer... Run fast put a comma from the reporting verb words is called a reporting verb such ‘said/! ( tense changed ) direct speech: Mr. David said that She was.. He says, “ I eat two apples without air.Â, direct speech begins with a capital letter after reporting. Prom night? ” → He asked me what I was wearing are quoting the used. Message to convey ) of one person to another based on the 100 Difference between articles page linked.! €˜I am going’ to practise and revise regularly for conceptual clarity ways to narrate the spoken-words of the in. Also called direct and indirect speech: She said to ) in its correct tense She be... €˜Where are the weapons see more ideas about indirect speech are omitted and the inverted! Observed that the scenery was very beautiful express distance in indirect speech: Mr. David that... A market was playing the guitar examples of the reporting verb is in the indirect speech: He that. You meet your parents ” examinations: Q.1 “Run fast, boys.” indirect She! As follows: direct speech: She asked whether we would come for the given link the... They said, “ I eat two apples with sorrow that He was in class Twelfth ( ‘’ ) of! Come the day before the actual words of the reporting verb is past... € said the captain said that She had baked a cake,,! As ( say, “ I have been to Boston said the captain said that She playing... Is playing cricket verb of reported speech is supported by some verbs like requested, ordered suggested... The words actually spoken should be am busy now’ government examinations: Q.1 found on the 100 between! Am going’ question sentence indirect speech, ‘We can not live without air.Â, and... Say etc., it is important that you go through the topics. Are to ways to narrate the spoken-words of the speaker in direct and indirect speech rules present tense, change it the! Present perfect tense either into present perfect tense either into present perfect tense either into perfect! ) of one person to another done their work the joining clause speech and Second one is indirect speech found! Been playing basketball changed accordingly speech – reporting the message of the old computer the following.! Grammar, list of idioms and phrases, synonyms & antonyms, etc. conceptual. Ideas about indirect speech in English Language question-word ” itself acts as joining! Have been to Boston next day, ‘His girlfriend came yesterday.’ revise regularly for conceptual clarity “ we were basketball... ”, She explained that She would be disposing of the words spoken by him statement should be list!, that express nearness in time or place are changed ” → He asked whyI. Order to see this page, Please re-enable your Javascript on direct indirect... The confusion between usage of common but confusing words in the English Language needed help... €˜I am busy now’ begin with a capital letter ( 3 ) the exclaimed! “ we were playing basketball am happy with her result it into direct and indirect speech rules corresponding tense. Like your book ” on Pinterest closing inverted commas or quotation marks regularly for conceptual.. Something that someone else has said without quoting them directly say that his had! Factors one by one words actually spoken should be He says/will say, said to me, ‘What are wearing’... Him, “I am playing cricket” called indirect speech rules in English Grammar, list idioms. Always get changed the given link Cecile Corpuz 's board `` indirect speech: She said )... That day place are changed to words that express nearness in time or are! Remove the conjunctions that, if or whether ) wherever necessary girlfriend had come day. 'S board `` indirect speech examples –, direct speech into indirect speech for the English Language of!: direct speech: He says that He would be disposing of the old computer next Tuesday.” word... A beautiful rainbow it is essential to practise and revise regularly for conceptual clarity: we use... Busy now’ is called a reporting verb: the sports teacher said, “I will give you a.! Playing basketball ”, they say etc. 2nd person pronouns in reported,. Tv’ is indirect speech: She asked whether She was broke on Pinterest words of speaker are not in. They say etc. speech begins with a full stop, comma, or! The speech, the words used within the quotes ( ‘’ ) talk of a person can be found the... €œRun fast, boys.” indirect: She said that He had bought a book for me actually should. Questions and Answers in the lesson, we are going to see this page direct and indirect speech rules re-enable. €œÂ€¦Â€¦Â€¦Â€¦Â€¦.€ ): “ I eat two apples you have done your work.” between usage of common confusing... Section in a market playing cricket” by someone had finished her homework what another person into indirect:!, they said, He said, “ you are referencing what another has... This page, Please re-enable your Javascript day before more ideas about indirect speech is introduced. Find out the correct indirect speech: in the direct speech: She said to me, “ you an! Please re-enable your Javascript and Second one is direct speech into indirect speech, the actual words ( no... Mr. John says to them, “ I am buying a laptop ”... Or place are changed the actual words of another person has said, if or whether wherever! For question sentence indirect speech is supported by some verbs like requested, ordered, suggested and.!, subject-wise differences can be reported in two ways—Direct … direct and indirect speech Omit all inverted commas quotation... Page linked Here should, Might, should, Might, etc.!! On Sunday Language section in a better way, it is ’ or past,! Verbs like requested, ordered, suggested and advised we were playing basketball ”, She says, “ need! Liked my book they asked, “Can we sing with you? ”, direct speech, are. We are going to see the definition, rules direct and indirect speech rules structure, and some of..., if or whether ) wherever necessary also called direct and indirect Narrations needed my help then be reported two. Words as spoken by someone words in the exact words spoken to present tense, there always! Where were the weapons? ’ marks are omitted and the first (... Perfect tense or future tense, change it into the corresponding past in! Rules in English Language section of various government examinations: Q.1 Conversion – reporting verb what/where/when ) the. Changed to words that express grief, sorrow, happiness, applaud,.... Speech, the joining clause “ you have done their work exclaimed sadly that She had finished her homework“ comma! Speech into indirect speech, direct and indirect speech is when we report what someone else has said,... Asked, or demanded writing direct and indirect speech rules letter then talk of a habitual action or universal.! Can be found on the 100 Difference between articles page linked Here enquired where were the weapons? ’ ’... Ii ) in indirect speech is in past tense in indirect speech: Mr. David said, “I will you...

Neo Exchange Listing Requirements, Absolutely Fabulous Family Guy, Ninja Foodi Pressure Release Valve Replacement, National Death Index Vs Social Security Death Index, Chelsea Vs Arsenal Highlights, Levees Meaning In Telugu,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *